Get to know thyroid


With the internet boom and rise of awareness among the general public it is not uncommon to find people discussing the trickiest of medicine segments and thyroid is one of them. Many know of the hormonal functions and properties of the thyroid gland and can give liberal views on the same. But often with the lack of scientific wisdom they fail to appreciate the finer detail and rather have a broad spectrum notion that is usually not very sufficient when it comes to practical thyroid application.

The following piece is a simple way to put forth the thyroid medicine in a lay man word and educate all with professional tips and significant aspects on the same:

What exactly is thyroid gland and why is it there?

Thyroid gland an important landmark in endocrinology located in the front of the neck; and majorly secretes three hormones i.e. T3, T4 and calcitonin, Where T3 and T4 function to raise the basal metabolic rate (BMR), assist growth and neural development. Calcitonin is responsible to maintain on the serum calcium levels. Thyroid works in conjunction to the entire gland system and aids a harmonious healthy living, as in the pituitary gland secretes TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). Its functioning is quite crucial in the initial phases of life as any deviation will directly affect the brain development.

Depending on the amount of hormones secreted by thyroid they could either function more or less i.e. hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism respectively.

Hyperthyroidism

• It can arise from a variety of reasons including multi nodular goiter, excessive pituitary function, drugs stimulating iodine within the blood stream, hydatidiform mole and cancer of the thyroid.

• Weight loss, increased appetite, enlarged thyroid, diarrhea, palpitations, agitation, nervousness, emotional instability, weakness, increased perspiration, decreased menstrual flow, infertility, repeated abortions, heat intolerance, protruded eyes with fluid accumulation behind it are a few signs that surface with increased thyroid activity.

• Laboratory investigations confirm the high thyroid hormones within the blood circulation and are to be managed with either anti thyroid drugs, surgical intervention or radioactive iodine to manage the situation.

Hypothyroidism

• The decreased thyroid functioning may pop up as a result of an auto immune thyroid disorder, iodine deficiency, thyroidectomy (surgical removal of the thyroid gland), drugs therapy, radiation and hashimoto's thyroiditis.

• Enlarged gland, weight gain with decreased appetite, constipation, high blood pressure, muscle stiffness, depression, mood swings, lethargy in whole, increased menstrual flow, infertility, anemia, puffy face etc all mark thyroid dysfunction and need external help to resolve issues.

• Goiter: a one of the most common thyroid involvement in the developing world presents the enlarged gland which is very much visible on the outside followed by other signs and symptoms thereafter.

• Thyroid gland estimation indicate on the lower range with high serum cholesterol levels

• The primary intervention here lies to include dietary iodine with thyroxin treatment to keep up the levels on a daily basis.

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